Asteroid 1001, Gaussia, was discovered on August 8, 1923 by Russian astronomer Sergey I. Belyavsky at Simeis, Ukraine. It has a period of 5 years, 275 days and is 74.67 kilometers (about 46 2/5 miles) in diameter.

It was named after German physicist, mathematician and astronomer Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855), who was instrumental in the discovery of Ceres (which was lost by its original discoverer, Giovanni Piazzi, and which was relocated by F.X. Von Zach using a computing method developed by Gauss). Gauss also did important work on magnetism; a gauss is a unit of magnetic flux.

Carl Friedrich Gauss

The meaning of Gaussia seems to be magnetism (of all kinds).

The glyph for Gaussia is mine.

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