Asteroid 5839, GOI, was discovered September 21, 1974 by Nikolai S. Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory. It has a period of 4 years, 215 days and is about 15 1/3 miles in diameter.

It was named for the Soviet Union's State Optical Institute (Gosudarstvennyj Opticheskij Institut [GOI] in Russian), now the Vavilov State Optical Institute, which is located in St. Petersburg and does research in the field of physical and applied optics, on the 80th anniversary of its founding on December 15, 1918. Its first director was Dmitri S. Rozhdestvenski (1876-1940).

Astrologically, asteroid GOI seems to indicate outsider, nonbeliever

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