Asteroid 1309 Hyperborea was discovered in October 1931 by Grigory N. Neujmin, who sighted it on October 11 at Simeis, Ukraine, and by Eugene J. Delporte, who sighted it on October 13 at Uccle, Belgium. Neujmin and Delporte share the credit for Hyperborea's discovery. It has a period of 5 years, 266 days and is about 42 2/3 miles in diameter.

Hyperborea (literally, "far northern land" in Greek) was named for a region in Greek mythology far to the north of Greece, a place of perpetual sunshine at the back of the north wind Boreas and beyond the reach of his chill, whose inhabitants worshipped Apollo, the god of the sun, light, and music, and lived in a sort of earthly paradise.

"On the ice, all people are brothers and sisters."

In the summer in the Arctic, as in the Antarctic, the sun never sets for several weeks, and the region is subjected to perpetual daylight. It is also true that in midwinter the sun never rises for several weeks in the polar regions. It is and always has been a hard life for the several million indigenous peoples, the Inuit(Eskimos) and Indians, and non-indigenous people who inhabit the Arctic, and for the handful of determined, hardy scientists and support personnel who live semi-permanently in the even harsher Antarctic. An Inuit saying goes, "On the ice, all men are brothers." Lack of political correctness aside, there is truth in this saying: In a situation where staying alive requires constant struggle and mutual cooperation, there is no room for the internecine conflict, the hatreds and the prejudices that has characterized human existence since its earliest days. It may have been rumors of the peoples of the Arctic that inspired the myth of Hyperborea.

Asteroid Hyperborea, therefore, signifies cold, danger, hardship, isolation, and the fraternity or sorority that arises among those who are under these conditions from self-preservation and possibly from other motives, such as professionalism. Hyperborea may also have to do with Inuit and other Arctic peoples, people and other things found in or pertaining to the polar regions, particularly the Arctic.

Jack London wrote extensively about the Arctic. He had Hyperborea in the sixth house of work, conjunct Ceres and the Vertex, semisquare the Black Moon, sextile the part of Fortune, square Mercury, biquintile Mars and opposite Neptune.

Alpinist Sir Edmund Hillary, who with Tenzing Norgay was the first to ascend to the summit of Mount Everest, had Hyperborea conjunct Ceres, semisextile Uranus, sextile the South Node, trine the Sun, Jupiter and North Node, and quincunx Vesta.

In space, everyone can hear and see you scream, if you scream; and no one can fool around.

Buzz Aldrin has Hyperborea in the eighth house, conjunct Venus and Mars; quintile Pallas and the South Node; square the Moon; tredecile Chiron and the North Node; sesquiquadrate Jupiter, Ceres and the East Point; quadnonagon Vesta; and opposite Pluto. Being one of the first two human beings to walk on the moon(a situation almost quintessentially Hyperborean) gave him and his comrade Neil Armstrong instant historical icon status.

Shannon Lucid, who until recently held the record for the longest stay in space by an American and still holds the record for the longest stay in space by a woman(188 days), has Hyperborea semisextile Hylonome, quintile Uranus, square Mars and Jupiter, sesquiquadrate Pluto, and contraparallel Neptune.

Yasser Arafat has Hyperborea in the fifth house, quintile Vesta, trine Uranus and Pallas, biquintile Pluto, and opposite Jupiter. For all his faults, the beleaguered Palestinian people consider him their leader.

The glyph for Hyperborea is mine and is derived from map direction symbols, with their northward-pointing arrows.

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