Asteroid 2197, Shanghai, was discovered on December 30, 1965 at the Purple Mountain Observatory at Nanjing (Nanking), China. The observatory gets the credit for Shanghai's discovery. Shanghai has a period of 5 years, 223 days and is slightly less than 16¾ miles in diameter.

It was named for the city of Shanghai, China's largest and one of its principal seaports, which is located on the East China Sea at the mouth of the Yangtze River on China's east coast.


In the old days, unscrupulous ship captains who found themselves shorthanded in port would send people ashore to kidnap people to crew their ships; often these ships were bound for Shanghai, hence the city's name entered the English language with a new and negative meaning: "to shanghai" means to abduct for forced labor.

And this seems to inform the meaning of asteroid Shanghai: abduction, compulsory duty, forced and/or hard work.

Anarchist Emma Goldman (born June 24, 1869 in Kaunas, Lithuania), who was swept up in the infamous Palmer Raids in the 1910s and deported from the US back to Lithuania for holding unpopular beliefs, had Shanghai semisextile Phaethon (out of control), sesquiquadrate Saturn (work, career, consequences) and parallel Ceres (to nurture, having to let go).

St. Maximilian Kolbe (born January 8, 1894 in Zdunska Wola, Zdunska Wola, Poland), who was sent to Auschwitz for resisting the Nazis and forced to work for starvation rations, had Shanghai square Hylonome (popular support, pathos), trine Neptune (spirituality, sacrifice), Pluto (dictatorship, mass murder) and Varuna (grown big, day of judgment), and quincunx Heracles (a mythic feat).

Elizabeth Smart has Shanghai in the fifth house, sextile the Moon (the public), square Cruithne (a name made), trine Mars (violence), biquintile the Sun (to shine), and opposite Saturn (work, rewards).

Steven Stayner, who had a similar abduction and sexual abuse experience that started at a younger age and lasted for a much longer period of time (until Kenneth Parnell started abusing another boy also), had Shanghai in the third house, decile Mercury, square Pallas (in defense of civilized values), Damocles (drastic change) and the Ascendant (personal interests, physical body), trine Don Quixote (travel, taking on something) and opposite Neptune (brainwashing, confusion).

Sheriff Joe Arpaio of Maricopa County, Arizona (born June 14, 1932 in Springfield, Massachusetts) runs chain-gangs out of the Phoenix jail, which fails to meet accepted human-rights standards regarding treatment of prisoners (e.g., moldy baloney sandwiches for dinner, tent housing in triple-digit summer heat); he considers this to be what they deserve and unfortunately, his tactics are popular with the voters. He has Shanghai sextile Vesta (dedication, focus) and Asbolus (awful experiences), square Lilith (the despised, the marginalized, i.e., prisoners) and Varuna (judgmental, aggrandized), trine Chaos, opposite Pholus (need to show respect, dictatorial behavior), and quindecile Pallas (politics).

George W. Bush, who began the infamous imprisonments at Guantanamo Bay of accused terrorists and insurgents and of American citizens in military prisons without trial, charge or access to legal counsel, has Shanghai in the sixth house of service to others, on the Descendant, square Hylonome (the cry of the people), trine Phaethon (out of control), and contraparallel Uranus (deviant) and North Node (connections).

Lester Roloff (born June 28, 1914 in Dawson, Texas), who once ran highly regimented Christian workhouses for troubled youth in Texas into which parents would often force their troublesome children until his racket was shut down by the state, had Shanghai conjunct Heracles (to contend with), semisquare Chiron (lessons to teach or learn), sextile Ceres (family), square Pallas, and trine Mars (aggression).

19th-century Pittsburgh industrialist Henry Clay Frick (born December 19, 1849 in West Overton, Pennsylvania), whose slave-driving of his employees led to serious labor unrest at his factories and an attempt on his life that almost succeeded, had Shanghai undecimal Juno (civil rights), decile Sun and Mercury, sextile Jupiter (prosperity, philosophy), Asbolus and Hidalgo (to assert, to promote, to defend), trine Heracles (to contend with), quincunx Uranus (technology, labor unions), and parallel Chiron.

Henry Ford (born July 30, 1863 in Dearborn, Michigan) had Shanghai conjunct Neptune (ideals), sextile South Node (separations, past influences), square Ixion (inventiveness, creating karma), trine Sun (to shine, to lead), Don Quixote (to take on something) and North Node (connections), and quindecile Jupiter.

Thomas Alva Edison, who once said "Genius is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration," had Shanghai square Hidalgo and Hylonome (popular appeal), trine Asbolus (bad experiences, something to say) and contraparallel Uranus (inventions).

George Washington (born February 22, 1732 in Wakefield Corner, Virginia), who endured rugged conditions, even extreme hardship, as a British army officer on the American frontier and later as commander of the American military during the Revolutionary War, had Shanghai square Mercury (thinking, dexterity), trine the Sun and Heracles, and biquintile Venus (values).

The glyph for Shanghai is mine.

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