Asteroid 31442, Stark, was discovered on February 7, 1999 by David S. Dixon at Jornada Observatory near Las Cruces, New Mexico. Stark has a period of 3 years, 292 days.

It was named for American vision scientist and bioengineer Lawrence W. Stark (born 1926), of the University of California-Berkeley, a pioneering researcher in the application of control and information theory to neurological systems and the physiological modeling of human vision.

Lawrence Stark

Astrologically, asteroid Stark seems to mean what its name suggests: starkness, simplicity, black-and-white viewpoint.

Rachel Carson, whose stark early-1960s revelations about the effects of environmental pollution were hard for some people (like pesticide manufacturers) to take, had Stark semisextile Heracles (to contend with), sextile Quaoar (closely examined, acting with urgency) and Rhadamanthus (with rectitude), and trine Chaos (a new order).

Bob Woodward, who along with Carl Bernstein laid out the ugly truth about Richard Nixon and his presidency in all its resplendent rankness, has Stark sextile Heracles, square Chariklo (to glamorize), quincunx Asbolus (bad things) and Rhadamanthus, and opposite Jupiter (philosophy, publishing).

Ralph Nader, who built his career on blunt warnings to the public on how the consumer was being screwed, has Stark in the fourth house, on the fifth cusp, sextile Deucalion (trying to save or to protect, hard, tough), square the Sun (to shine), Neptune (idealism) and Chaos, trine Venus (values, indignation) and Cyllarus (ability, effectiveness), and quincunx Pholus (courage before power).

Fundamentalist Southern Baptist leader W.A. Criswell (born December 19, 1909 in Eldorado, Oklahoma) had Stark semisquare Mercury (ideas).

Norma McCorvey (born September 22, 1947 in Simmesport, Louisiana) successfully sued to overturn Texas' law against abortion in the early 1970s because she wanted an abortion but couldn't find a place to get one in Dallas that was sanitary; and eventually went over to the other side of the issue. She has Stark semisextile Pallas (politics), sextile Lilith (something pushed aside), trine Venus, and parallel Jupiter (religion).

Upton Sinclair, whose revelations about unsanitary conditions in the meatpacking industry circa 1910 created a public outcry in the US and led to the establishment of a national system of meat inspection, had Stark in the second house, on the cusp, sextile Damocles (transgressive, drastic change), square Venus and Pandora (making a splash, having an impact, stirring things up, unintended consequences), quincunx the Moon (the public, emotion), Chiron (lessons to teach), Don Quixote (taking on something), and Phaethon (a phenomenon), and opposite Deucalion.

Stephen Crane had Stark in the fourth house, sextile Chiron and square the Sun, Mercury (writing), Pallas (conceptualization), and Huya (something missing). He had to publish his early novel Maggie: A Girl Of The Streets at his own expense because its lurid depiction of a slum girl's life, descent into vice and eventual death was too strong for publishers, and his other works, like The Red Badge Of Courage, pull no punches, either.

Theodore Dreiser (born August 27, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana) also had a hard time getting some of his fiction published on account of its dark subject matter; he came from a large, impoverished family filled with ex-convicts, substance abusers and unwed mothers, of whom he was ashamed. He had Stark semisextile Chaos, trine Okyrhoe, quincunx the Sun, and opposite Asbolus and Chariklo.

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (born December 11, 1918 in Kislovodsk, Russia) has Stark square Asbolus (something to say which is not necessarily listened to), trine Varuna (judgmental, hugeness) and opposite Jupiter (support from others). He was exiled by Soviet authorities for his criticism of Soviet Russia, which to many was synonymous with institutional, systematic violation of generally accepted human-rights standards, but he was just as frank in his criticism of the West, which turned off many of his supporters in the Western political right.

Emile Zola had Stark conjunct Chaos, square the Nodes (connections and separations made), trine Dioretsa (wild, something that sticks) and Talos (criticism), sesquiquadrate Mercury, quincunx Pelion (life is tough), and opposite Hylonome (pathos, the cry of the people). His prose, like Crane's, Dreiser's and Solzhenitsyn's, was often brutal. He took up the defense of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish French army officer convicted on trumped-up charges of treason arising from anti-Semitism on the part of his accusers, with the now-famous polemic piece J'Accuse (I Accuse You).

Ernest Hemingway, known for his often-imitated precise, immediate, newspaper-inspired writing style, rugged, almost mythic way of life, and eventual suicide (part of a now-notorious pattern in his family), had Stark in the tenth house, conjunct Neptune (idealization, imagination) and quincunx Hidalgo (machismo, to put forward) and Hylonome (dangerous pursuits).

Classic filmmaker Carl Theodor Dreyer (born February 3, 1889 in Copenhagen, Denmark) who made the distinctly stark silent film The Passion of Joan of Arc, had Stark undecimal Uranus (innovative), sextile Okyrhoe (acting according to one's own vision) and the North Node (connections), square Deucalion, trine the South Node (past influences) and opposite Mars (energy).

The glyph for Stark is mine.

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