1980 Tezcatlipoca is an Amor-type asteroid discovered on June 19, 1950 by Alfred G. Wilson and Ake Wallenquist at Palomar Observatory near Pauma Valley, California and named for the Mesoamerican god of matter and darkness. It has a period(year) of about 2 years, 88 days.

(Amor and Apollo-type asteroids, classes of asteroid named for their prototypes, orbit within the inner solar system; Apollo-type asteroids cross Earth's orbit, often going inside the orbit of Mercury during perihelion; but Amor-type asteroids do not cross Earth's orbit.)

Tezcatlipoca("smoking mirror" in Nahuatl, the Aztec language)was originally a god of the Toltecs, who lived in the mountains to the east of the Valley of Mexico, where Mexico City now stands. Tezcatlipoca was the son of the primal supreme creator deity Tonacatecuhtli, who was hermaphroditic and remote, and later associated with the Judeo-Christian Jehovah. Tezcatlipoca is credited with co-creating the universe with his twin brother Quetzalcoatl, god of light, wisdom and culture, who also has an asteroid named for him. After Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca were born of Tonacatecuhtli, they did the actual work of creation. Tezcatlipoca ripped the jaw off Cipactli(or Imix, as the Mayans called it), the primeval alligator whose back is the Earth, dragging it from the dark depths of a great lake. Tezcatlipoca eventually engineered the downfall of Quetzalcoatl, by getting him drunk and causing him to have sex with his sister.

Tezcatlipoca was a powerful warrior, magician and diviner who saw prophetic visions in his mirror of obsidian, from which his name was derived. He was believed to have dominion over the rhythm of the twenty named days of the calendar. The thirteenth day-sign Reed(Acatl to the Aztecs, Ben to the Mayans), was under his particular dominion, as was the eighteenth day-sign Knife(Tecpatl to the Aztecs, Etz'nab to the Mayans), which was actually under the rulership of Chalchiuhtotolin, an aspect of Tezcatlipoca known as "the jeweled turkey", who conferred great good fortune upon those bold enough to grab his tail.

In astrology, Tezcatlipoca stands for darkness, scheming, giving without taking; criminal, evil, predatory or antisocial behavior; the occult, materialism, opportunism; the anti-hero, the sorcerer or other individual who considers himself or herself above the written and unwritten laws that govern human conduct.

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